Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) and nanoelectromechanical devices (NEMD) are studied in this paper from synthesis and design perspectives. These NEMS and NEMD must be modeled, analyzed, optimized, and controlled. The basic components are nanostructures. Novel NEMS and NEMD are devised and studied using nanoelectromechanical system theory . Then, mathematical models are developed.
In this paper we research the link and synergy between organic and inorganic NEMS and NEMD. For example, the molecular bionanomotors provide the bacterial locomotion, active transport, and delivery. The bacterial flagellar motor, which is 40 nm in diameter, is comprised of a complex assembly of more than ten different proteins. This nanobiomotor rotates the helical flagella of the bacterium so that it swims. The chemical energy (protons or sodium) is transduced into electrical, and then into mechanical energy. Other examples of molecular bionanomotors include RNA polymerase, myosin, kinesin, etc. The fuel that powers these nanobiomotors is ATP. The devised radial and axial nanomotors, which are the NEMD, are controlled using the electromagnetic field, developed by the nanoantennas. The current research performed by the authors is concentrated on devising and designing innovative man-made NEMD through biomimicking, prototyping, and application of the nanoelectromechanical system theory to research and study energy conversion, feedback, and informatics mechanisms and paradigms involved. Modeling, analysis, and simulations are performed using classical and quantum mechanics, as well as nanoelectromechanics. It is shown that the desired comprehensiveness is achieved.
S. E. Lyshevski, Nano- and Microelectromechanical System: Fundamentals of Nano- and Microengineering, CRC Press, FL, 2000.