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Carbon nanotubes as field emission device and electromechanical sensor:
results from first-principles simulations

Amitesh Maiti*

Materials Science, Accelrys Inc.
San Diego, CA 92121 USA

This is an abstract for a presentation given at the
Ninth Foresight Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology.
There will be a link from here to the full article when it is available on the web.

 

Tremendous excitement has recently been generated by experimental breakthroughs that have led to realistic possibilities of using carbon nanotubes in (1) field-emission-based flat panel displays; and (2) electromechanical sensors. We have used First-Principles Density Functional Theory to address important questions in both application areas.

For the first application, we have investigated the effect of adsorbates at the nanotube tip on field emission current. In particular, we show that polar adsorbates like water are attracted to the tube tip under emission conditions, and make the HOMO unstable, thereby reducing the work function [1]. The nanotube-water interaction as well as the instability of the HOMO become more pronounced with increase in the number of adsorbed water molecules on the nanotube tip. Non-polar molecules, e.g., H2, do not have a significant interaction with the tube tip, and therefore do not affect field emission current.

For the second application, we have investigated differences in the deformation of a nanotube under two types of mechanical forces: (a) bending, and (b) pushing with an AFM tip. We show that bent tubes maintain an all-hexagonal network up to large bending angles [2]. In contrast, AFM-probed tubes can display a range of behavior depending upon how the AFM-tip is represented. This can range from sp3 coordination for some atoms close to the tip [2], to a non-uniform stretching of the tube that can lead to opening of band-gaps and substantial decrease in electrical conductivity [3, 4].

References

  1. A. Maiti, J. Andzelm, N. Tanpipat, P. von Allmen, Phys. Rev. Lett., submitted.
  2. A. Maiti, Chem. Phys. Lett. 331, 21 (2000).
  3. A. Maiti, Phys. Stat. Sol., July (2001), in press.
  4. A. Maiti, A. Svizhenko, and M. P. Anantram, in preparation.

*Corresponding Address:
Amitesh Maiti
Materials Science, Accelrys Inc.
9685 Scranton Road, San Diego, CA 92121 USA
Phone: (858) 799-5435
Fax: (858) 799-5100
Email: amaiti@accelrys.com
http://www.accelrys.com



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