Immune machines: Medical nanomachines designed for internal use,
especially in the bloodstream and digestive tract, able to
identify and disable intruders such as bacteria and viruses.
assembler: Assembler capable of
making only certain products; faster, more efficient, and less
liable to abuse than a general-purpose assembler.
electronics: Any system with
atomically precise electronic devices of nanometer dimensions,
especially if made of discrete molecular parts rather than the
continuous materials found in today's semiconductor devices.
machine: Any machine with
atomically precise parts of nanometer dimensions; can be used to
describe molecular devices found in nature.
manipulator: A device combining a
proximal probe mechanism for atomically precise positioning with
a molecule binding site on the tip; can serve as the basis for
building complex structures by positional synthesis.
manufacturing: Manufacturing using
molecular machinery, giving molecule-by-molecule control of
products and by-products via positional chemical synthesis.
inexpensive control of the structure of matter based on
molecule-by-molecule control of products and byproducts; the
products and processes of molecular manufacturing, including
recognition: A chemical term
referring to processes in which molecules adhere in a highly
specific way, forming a larger structure; an enabling technology
Molecule: Group of atoms held together by chemical bonds; the
typical unit manipulated by nanotechnology.
Nano-: A prefix meaning one billionth (1/1,000,000,000).
Nanocomputer: A computer with parts built on a molecular scale.
Nanoelectronics: Electronics on a nanometer scale, whether made by
current techniques or nanotechnology; includes both molecular
electronics and nanoscale devices resembling today's
Nanomachine: An artificial molecular machine of the sort made by
assembler lab: A general-purpose
assembler system in a container permitting only energy and
information to be exchanged with the environment.
materials and products: Here,
materials and products capable of relatively complex behavior due
to the incorporation of nanocomputers and nanomachines. Also used
for products having some ability to respond to the environment.
scenario: Someone builds
potentially dangerous self-replicating devices that spread
reality system: A combination of
computer and interface devices (goggles, gloves, etc.) that
presents a user with the illusion of being in a three dimensional
world of computer-generated objects.
Virus: A parasite (consisting primarily of genetic material)
that invades cells and takes over their molecular machinery in
order to copy itself.