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Archive for the 'Computational nanotechnology' Category

How to specify semiconductor or metallic graphene for use in nanotechnology

Posted by Jim Lewis on February 4th, 2009

Computer simulations have shown that graphene deposited on a silicon dioxide surface will be either a semiconductor or a metal depending on whether the underlying layer is terminated with oxygen atoms or passivated with hydrogen atoms.

Nanotechnology could introduce flaws into carbon nanotubes to build circuits

Posted by Jim Lewis on December 19th, 2008

Computational nanotech studies have shown that deliberate introduction of structural defects at specific sites in carbon nanotubes can guide electrons along specific paths, providing a way to fabricate complex electronic circuits from nanotubes.

Tunneling electrons could power nanotechnology

Posted by Jim Lewis on December 15th, 2008

Molecular dynamics simulations show that electron tunneling through nanoscale rotary motors based on carbon nanotube shafts may enable nanotech motors to rotate more than a million times faster than their biological counterparts.

Nanotechnology researcher to receive Sackler Prize in Biophysics

Posted by Jim Lewis on November 27th, 2008

Dr. David Baker, who with Dr. Brian Kuhlman was awarded the 2004 Foresight Nanotech Institute Feynman Prize for Theory, will be one of three winners of the 2008 Raymond and Beverly Sackler International Prize in Biophysics. Dr. Baker has been featured on Nanodot posts this year for inviting online gamers to aid in protein design [...]

Mechanosynthesis with AFM as a step toward advanced nanotechnology

Posted by Jim Lewis on November 6th, 2008

Robert A. Freitas Jr. brings to our attention a major step on the road to advanced nanotech, published a couple weeks ago in Science (abstract). He writes: This paper reports purely mechanical-based covalent bond-making and bond-breaking (true mechanosynthesis) involving atom by atom substitution of silicon (Si) atoms for tin (Sn) atoms in an Sn monolayer [...]

Computational nanotechnology designs more efficient material for solar cells

Posted by Jim Lewis on October 22nd, 2008

Combining electrically conductive polymers, transition metal atoms, and spin-coating to form thin films could lead to solar cells with two major advantages that would make them more efficient at converting light to electricity.

Calculating the role of Casimir forces in nanotechnology

Posted by Jim Lewis on October 3rd, 2008

Swedish scientists have developed a computer program to calculate Casimir forces between various types of nanostructured materials, which may help to determine whether significant friction problems exist in specific designs.

Nanotechnology roadmap draws attention for importance of nanosystems design

Posted by Jim Lewis on September 22nd, 2008

On the Editor’s Page at Medical DeviceLinkCom, Shana Leonard writes about the crucial need for design and modeling techniques to guide nanosystems development toward fabrication, and cites the Technology Roadmap for Productive Nanosystems. From “A Different Kind of Intelligent Design” Drawing from numerous workshops held from 2005 to 2007, Battelle (Columbus, OH) and the Foresight [...]

Measuring picometers to advance nanotechnology

Posted by Jim Lewis on July 28th, 2008

A recent review describes the advantages to nanotech of advances in electron microscopy that allow mapping electron states localized at or between atoms.

Atomically precise nanotechnology leading to new catalysts

Posted by Jim Lewis on July 14th, 2008

The emerging ability to control the sizes of these clusters to atomic precision affords new opportunities for designing novel catalysts.

A molecule printer for nanotechnology based on spinning carbon nanotubes

Posted by Jim Lewis on June 16th, 2008

Atoms or molecules could be pumped through the spinning inner CNT to form patterns of atoms or molecules—a nanotech inkjet printer.

Nanotechnology controls crystal morphology for energy and environmental applications

Posted by Jim Lewis on June 10th, 2008

Researchers have developed a method of producing titanium oxide crystals with more reactive surfaces.

Nanotechnology online: gamers invited to aid protein design

Posted by Jim Lewis on May 15th, 2008

Can online gamers add to the nanotech toolkit for perfecting the de novo design of proteins that do not exist in nature?

Could nanotechnology use clusters of boron atoms to dope graphene nanodevices?

Posted by Jim Lewis on May 7th, 2008

Preliminary theoretical calculations show that it might be possible to develop a nanotech application in which clusters of a few boron atoms connect very small graphene semiconductors to make nanoelectronic devices.

Using X-rays to check molecular motion simulations could improve nanotechnology device design

Posted by Jim Lewis on April 23rd, 2008

A new nanotech method of measuring “blurred” molecular motions promises to improve the accuracy of molecular motion simulations.

Do-it-yourself nanotechnology objects from DNA

Posted by Christine Peterson on April 4th, 2008

Snowbird, Utah is the place to be for nanotechnologists on April 22-25 for the 5th Annual Conference on Foundations of Nanoscience (FNANO08): Self-Assembled Architectures and Devices. Those of you who have attended Foresight research conferences will recognize a number of familiar names and lots of new ones. Mark Sims of Nanorex tells us that they [...]

Nanotechnology theory guides synthesis of better catalysts for fuel cells

Posted by Jim Lewis on March 31st, 2008

By combining more precise core-shell nanoparticle synthesis techniques with electronic structure theory to predict the properties of nanoparticles, nanotechnology researchers have produced a better catalysts for fuel cells.

Nanomedical conference to feature advanced nanotechnology

Posted by Christine Peterson on March 26th, 2008

There’s still time — barely — to plan to attend next week’s 1st Annual Unither Nanomedical & Telemedical Technology Conference in Quebec. Co-chair is Martine Rothblatt, PhD, of Unither Biotech. Speakers include these names familar to Foresight members, as well as many nearer-term topics: Tad Hogg, PhD — Member of the Research Staff: Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, [...]

Major nanotechnology milestone: protein catalysts designed for non-natural chemical reactions

Posted by Jim Lewis on March 25th, 2008

A major milestone along the protein design path to productive nanosytems and advanced nanotechnology has been achieved—the design by computational methods of enzymes that catalyze reactions for which biological enzymes do not exist.

Structural alphabet of RNA may advance RNA nanotechnology

Posted by Jim Lewis on March 12th, 2008

A developing understanding of non-Watson-Crick interactions places RNA nanotech on a firmer foundation.