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2014 Feynman Prizes in Nanotechnology go to diamond nanoparticle theory, hydrogen depassivation lithography

Foresight Update 28.05—May 12, 2015
ISSN 1078-9731

Nanotech News

Discuss these news stories at http://foresight.org/nanodot.

In this issue:

Nanoparticles shepherd DNA into cells to regulate immune response

One of biotechnology’s most powerful tools is the introduction of nucleic acids of specific sequence into cells to implement a specific pre-determined change. Not surprisingly, nucleic acids incorporated into nanostructures are often much more functional than isolated nucleic acid molecules. It is sometimes not necessary for such nanostructures to be totally atomically precise, as has been demonstrated by Spherical Nucleic Acids (SNAs), dense conjugates of oriented nucleic acids on the surfaces of various nanoparticles, introduced by Chad Mirkin, winner of the 2002 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology, Experimental. …

Nanowires and bacteria harnessed for artificial photosynthesis

… Gayle Pergamit forwards this news of a major advance in artificial photosynthesis made possible by current-day nanotechnology …

Science and technology roadmaps for nanotechnology

… In a blog post several years ago, Eric Drexler tackled the question of how to provide roadmaps in an area of technology for which the practical physical implementation of the technology remains uncertain, and pointed to the Quantum Information Science and Technology Roadmap as an example. Perhaps another way to approach this question is to ask what can be learned from a roadmap in (current-day, incremental) nanotechnology … Does such a roadmap exist? Foresight Co-Founder Christine Peterson forwarded this story from Nanowerk News of one such roadmap resulting from a call by the European Commission “The European nanotechnology roadmap for graphene“ …

Nanothreads formed from smallest possible diamonds

A few months ago we cited a report of a new form of carbon—penta-graphene—that had been computationally simulated but not yet synthesized. Foresight Co-Founder Christine Peterson forwarded a link to this publication a couple months ago that reported the mechanical properties of yet another form of carbon—diamond nanothreads. This Nano Letters abstract reports that, based on molecular dynamics simulations, diamond nanothreads have a stiffness comparable to carbon nanotubes and a tenacity (specific strength) exceeding carbon nanotubes and graphene. …

UK SuperSTEM facility advances imaging and analysis of materials

In his classic 1959 talk “There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom: An Invitation to Enter a New Field of Physics” Richard P. Feynman challenged his fellow physicists to make the electron microscope 100 times better … Foresight Co-Founder Christine Peterson points to this announcement that shows Feynman’s challenge has been answered. …

Gold nanotubes engineered for diagnosis and therapy

Across a range of applications, the move from limited control of nanostructure toward the goal of eventual atomic precision is providing increased functional capabilities. Foresight President Paul Melnyk sends this example from Medgadget (written by Joshua Chen) of added benefits from controlling the length of gold nanotubes …

Foresight Institute Awards Feynman Prizes in Nanotechnology to Amanda S. Barnard, Joseph W. Lyding

Palo Alto, CA – April 23, 2015 – Foresight Institute, a leading think tank and public interest organization focused on molecular nanotechnology, announced the winners for the 2014 Foresight Institute Feynman Prizes. These prestigious prizes, named in honor of pioneer physicist Richard Feynman, are given in two categories, one for experiment and the other for theory in nanotechnology. Established in 1993, these prizes honor researchers whose recent work has most advanced the achievement of Feynman’s goal for nanotechnology: the construction of atomically-precise products through the use of productive nanosystems.

“The Foresight Institute Feynman Prizes in nanotechnology are among the most prestigious awards in science,” said Paul Melnyk, President of Foresight Institute. “Molecular nanotechnology is defined as the construction of atomically-precise products through the use of molecular machine systems.”

“Foresight Institute established these prizes to encourage research in the development of molecular nanotechnology. The Foresight Institute Feynman Prizes are awarded to those making significant advances toward that end,” said Christine Peterson, Co-Founder and Vice President of Foresight Institute. “Productive nanosystems will result in the ultimate manufacturing technology. This capability will help us tackle fundamental problems that face humanity and lead to solutions that are good for people and good for the planet.” …

—Nanodot posts by James Lewis

Foresight Events and News

Nominations are now open for the 2015 Foresight Feynman Prizes and Distinguished Student Award

Nominations for the 2015 Foresight Institute Feynman Prizes: Experimental and Theory are due on October 31, 2015. Winners will be announced in mid 2016. Submission or nomination instructions.

Nominations for the 2015 Distinguished Student Award are due on October 31, 2015. Winners will be announced in mid 2016. Submission/nomination instructions.

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