|Foresight Update 31 - Table of Contents|
Before a late evening and enthusiastic crowd of several hundred media and technophiles, Foresight Institute unveiled its major contribution to more informed discussion of serious issuesa "backlink mediator" and related Web tools that allow readers of a Web document to "mark up" others' Web documents to agree, disagree, ask questions, or make a general comment. Readers can see, on one screen, who has linked to a given Web page, and whether they agree or disagree.
The newly unveiled CritSuite of Web tools include:
CritLink, which allows readers to add their own comment links anywhere in the text of any Web page. Created by Ka-Ping Yee, CritLink is the first means on the Web for people to make comments about articles posted on the Web that appear directly within the original article. Ping is an undergraduate student in Computer Engineering at the University of Waterloo in Canada.
CritMap, which will display all of a Web document's linksboth links made from the document by the original author and links made to the document by othersin a graphical display. Terry Stanley, a software engineer, wrote the code for this portion of the CritSuite tools.
CritMail, a new version of Hypermail which converts e-mail archives into Web documents. Intended for use with CritLink, it allows readers to see a quote as its author meant it to appearin context. Its uses include the ability to migrate existing e-mail-based Usenet or Listserv discussions to HTML, so that an issues discussion can be carried on within. Peter McCluskey created CritMail.
The heart of the new tool set is CritLink. When a reader views any site through the window of a CritLink server, any word, phrase, or text block may be highlighted by diamond brackets of different colors that signify agreement, comment, disagreement, or a query. Clicking on the highlighted phrase allows a reader to view the full comment, which of course may itself contain many links to other comments.
As discussion becomes more complex through a CritSuite server, Stanley's CritMap comes into play, providing graceful curving line links between any page of HTML and all other pages that have coarse-grained (link to page) or fine-grained (link to specific phrase) hypertext links to it. CritMap allows the viewer to select any of the linked pages and then view all the pages with which it is linked.
The introductory event was hosted by Ed Niehaus, President of Niehaus Ryan Group, Inc., a leading Internet-focused public relations firm, whose clients recently have expanded to include Apple Computer. "This is one of the most exciting things ever to come down the Internet Highway," Ed told the audience. "CritSuite fills in the missing portion of the World Wide Web that was envisioned by the original creators of hypertext, but never before implemented."
"The beauty of this approach is that all the tools of CritSuite are available through any conventional Web browser. People thought for a long time that it wouldn't be possible to create back-linking on the World Wide Web without completely overhauling the Web's basic structure. Foresight Institute's brilliant team of software engineers has proven otherwise."
Crit Team: Foresight's dynamic team that created the CritSuite Web Enhancement tools include softwear engineer Terry Stanley and undergraduate student Ka-Ping Yee (front, left and right) and Peter McCluskey and Mark Miller, (rear, left and right). Terry created CritMap; Ping created CritLink; Peter created CritMail; Mark did the early architecture of CritLink and provides design advice and moral support for the ongoing CritSuite effort.
|Foresight Update 31 - Table of Contents|
At each of its Conferences, Foresight Institute identifies and recognizes outstanding researchers in the field of molecular nanotechnology. As the field has progressed, the terms of the prize have evolved. This year, for the first time, separate prizes were awarded for experimental and theoretical work. Winners were selected on the basis of being judged the best thesis or refereed paper at the 1997 Conference.
The prize for experimental work was won by a team centered at IBM Research Division Zurich Research Laboratory, for work using scanning probe microscopes to manipulate molecules. The prize for theoretical work was won by a team at NASA Ames Research Center for work in computational nanotechnology. Each team received a $5,000 cash award to be divided among its members, as well as certificates of recognition for all awardees.
The researchers awarded the 1997 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology for Experimental Work were James Gimzewski and Reto Schlittler of IBM and Christian Joachim of CEMES-CNRS (France).
Members of the NASA Ames team that were awarded the 1997 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology for Theoretical Work are Charles Bauschlicher, Stephen Barnard, Creon Levit, Glenn Deardorff, Al Globus, Jie Han, Richard Jaffe, Alessandra Ricca, Marzio Rosi, Deepak Srivastava, and H. Thuemmel.
Judges for the 1997 Feynman Prize awards were Carl R. Feynman (son of Richard Feynman), computer scientist; William A. Goddard III, Chemistry and Applied Physics, Materials and Molecular Simulation Center, Caltech; Tracy Handel, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, UC Berkeley, Jan Hoh, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; Neil Jacobstein, Chairman, Institute for Molecular Manufacturing and President, Teknowledge Corporation; Arthur Kantrowitz, Dartmouth College, Professor of Engineering, and Advisor, Foresight Institute; Marvin Minsky, MIT Media Lab and MIT AI Lab professor, and Advisor, Foresight Institute; Charles Musgrave, Chemical Engineering, Stanford University; Nadrian C. Seeman, New York University; Richard Smalley, Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology at Rice University; and George Whitesides, Dept. of Chemistry, Harvard.
Previous winners of the Feynman Prize are Musgrave, for his theoretical work on a hydrogen abstraction tool for nanotechnology, and Seeman for his pioneering experimental work on the synthesis of 3-dimensional objects from DNA.
|Feynman Prize Winners: James Gimzewski of the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory accepted the Feynman Prize for Experimental Work from Ned Seeman. Gimzewski's co-recipients, Reto Schlittler of IBM and Christian Joachim of CEMES-CNRS, were not present.|
|Feynman Prize Winners: Ned Seeman (second from left), winner of the Feynman Prize at the Fourth Foresight Conference, presented awards to Feynman Prize recipients at the Fifth Foresight Conference. Members of the NASA team awarded for Theoretical Work include, from left: Creon Levit, Charles Bauschlicher, Deepak Srivastava, Alessandra Ricca, Glenn Deardorff, Richard Jaffe, Stephen Barnard, and Al Globus. Recipients not pictured include Jie Han, Marzio Rosi, and H. Thuemmel.|
|Feynman Grand Prize Founders
Honored: Conference Chair Ralph Merkle presented
special recognition awards to Marc Arnold (top) and Jim
Von Ehr (below) for their initiative and generosity in
establishing the Feynman
Grand Prize. Arnold conceived of the prize during the
1995 Foresight Conference. He and Von Ehr funded the
prize with donations totaling $250,000.
Distinctions between the annually awarded Feynman Prizes and the Feynman Grand Prize
From Foresight Update 31, originally published 15 December 1997.
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